Muslims defeated a Roman army at Yarmuk, in Syria, in The Battle of Yarmuk is now little remembered, but its outcome forever changed. The collapse of Byzantium’s military position in the near-east was sealed by the Battle of Yarmuk (also spelled Yarmouk) in AD Indeed, it is no exaggeration . The Battle of Yarmuk, fought in AD, was the turning point in Arab history that put a stop to any future Muslim attempt to expand into Europe. Fought between.

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Having failed to yarkuk the Muslim armies in open battle, the Byzantine army withdrew to form a defensive line along the Taurus and Anti-Taurus mountain ranges. Joseph Mengele May 15, Obviously the larger the force the harder it was to supply such numbers, suggesting that the numbers involved would have been towards the lower estimates.

Khalid bin al-Waleed — His Life and Campaigns. The northern route yatmuk to be blocked by Muslim cavalry. So the presence of 7 themes in Asia Minor is reporting an anachronism.

Muslim conquest of the Levant and Byzantine—Sasanian War of — Date 15—20 August Moreover, many of the Arab auxiliaries were mere levies, while the Muslim Arab army consisted for a much larger part of veteran troops. It is important to note that Heraclius, while he personally commanded the Byzantine army in its campaigns bbattle the Persians, remained at Antioch and delegated command to Theodore the Sakellarios and the Armenian prince, Vartan Mamikonian.

Yarmuk, Battle of – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

After the devastating blow to the Sassanid Persians at Firaz, the Muslim Arab forces, under the command of Khalid ibn al-Walidtook on the army of the Christian Byzantine Empire at Yarmouk near the border of modern-day Syria and Jordan. On 16 AugustVahan decided in a council of war to launch his attack just before dawn, to catch the Muslim force unprepared as they conducted their morning prayers.


Study of past battles are a subject of their own, as they are a class of tactics on their own. Retrieved 24 September There are certain facts about this storm which would not be consistent with the battle as presented here i. Oxford University Press, They were again said to have been met by their own womenfolk who abused and shamed them. Meanwhile, there had been rapid political development in the Arabian Peninsula, where Muhammad had been preaching Islam and byhe had successfully united most of Arabia under a single political authority.

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Battle of Yarmouk

The effect of these feuds was decreased coordination and planning, one of the reasons for the catastrophic Byzantine defeat. Although these articles may battpe differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices.

As the Byzantine left center retreated under three-pronged attacks of Khalid, the Byzantine left wing, having been exposed at its southern flank, also fell back.

So he went back into the ranks.

I too personally think that you should do more battles that took place betyween the Muslims and the Christians. One last point, and forgive me for displaying a hint of Muslim bias, the Muslims were undoubtedly fired yarkuk the conviction that they were fighting for a higher ideal, that of eternal salvation and to enter paradise, yamruk giving Khalid-ibin-Walid the confidence to make greater demands upon his men….

Khalid’s strategy of withdrawing from the occupied areas and concentrating all of his troops for a decisive battle forced the Byzantines to concentrate their five armies in response.

Battle of Yarmuk, – The Art of Battle

Share that passion with the world. The History of Perth: Dear Sir, May I firstly add my sincere thanks and congratulations on a most excellent piece of research and presentation, upon what was afterall, a pivotal moment in history.


Harnessing the zeal of Arabia’s new religion, Caliph Abu Bakr devised a plan of action to expand the tiny Rashidun Caliphate beyond his peoples wildest dreams.

They need to be studied even if its Yarmuk or Manzikert or Tours or Lepanto. Heraclius, inmanaged to expel the Persians from Anatolia, but was decisively defeated in when he launched a major offensive in Syria against the Persians.

Elias June 30, 2: Light lamellar and scale armor was also used. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. I am actually considering postponing another Khalid battle for a future season so that the great Russian battles of history can claim yarrmuk glory.

Will the religious fervor and military genius commander of the Rashiduns sweep aside the Byzantines? Wolfy dear…get your facts straight and please…get an education!!! The Byzantines had for centuries avoided engaging in large-scale decisive battles, and the concentration of their forces created logistical strains for which the empire was ill-prepared.

That is, I believe, every body should search for. Keaton July 7, 7: Many thanks and best regards. University College London Press, Muslim yarmuo of North Africa.

Hamid Mahmood April 22, 7: Note that the descriptions of the Muslim and the Byzantine battle lines are exactly each other’s opposite, i. I hope the muslim-haters stop making excuses and give the muslims their due respect.

Nine years later inHeraclius finally launched his offensive. The battle lasted six days and to supply each army was like supplying an army six times its size on the march assuming the army can march quite quickly.