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To characterize the performance of the modulator, the noise figure of the RoF link is a key performance indicator. Using small signal approximation, we focus only on the AC part of Equation 4.

Avalanche Photo-Diode APD that provides a higher gain due to the avalanche effect, photoconductors and direct illumination of phototransistors. For some optical channels cf.

Overlaying multiple radio channels per cell site st approach: The upper level star network ensures high network capacity and its weakness in reliability is overcome by the concatenated ring subnets with self-healing capabilities.

We provide in the Appendix the detailed description of the steps composing our methodology. RoF transceiver major impairments. The imperfections of FBGs, circulators, switches generate homodyne and heterodyne crosstalk which are accurately computed in our modeling.

We express in Equation 4. For the case of D-RoF, we exploit the upconversion feature of the bandpass sampling theory. Link gain, RIN and chirp. The first propriety deals with the convergence to the Pareto optimal front, which ensures the generation of near-optimal Pareto solutions. If the central laboratory exercises no control over the operation of acqu devices; sition acquired during a session; tion of data, exchanges signals are constituted mainly by signals; nit; al; sation at the onset of the seismic source T8 and by various acquisition signals retransmitted to the reception of these signals.

The diagram in Figure 2. We need your help to maintenance this website. It is worth noting that the research scope of this chapter focuses only on evaluating the Shannon s radio capacity of the system for the upstream traffic RoF transceiver The choice of the best transmitter equipping the RAU is subject to stringent requirements that have to be satisfied without penalizing the investment cost of the overall architecture.


Method and apparatus for controlling cableless seismic digital field recorders having seismic data processing capabilities. RF filter with DC power characteristics 5 V and 4 ma.

Cours Faisceaux hertziens

However some of the added channel leaks through the grating and is received at the drop port of the OADM. Impairment-aware CP Design for Static Traffic between feasible and infeasible ones, evolution operators mutation and cross-overcorrecting an infeasible chromosome while preserving as most as possible its genetic information, individuals ranking and fitness sharing Numerical performance of PaGeO Unlike Section 5. Overlaying several radio channels in a cell site is typically observed in real networks when a mobile operator aims to increase the radio capacity of that cell.

When the bandwidth offered by a standard PON network 9 is not large enough to meet the bandwidth requirements to backhaul both fixed broadband terminations and RAUs, a WDM overlay could be used to provide extra capacity.

However, in our research, we put the focus on the mathematical development of GeRoFAN optical impairments in a networked configuration in order to understand the salient features of the physical mechanism behind each transmission noise.

RoF-based Mobile Backhauling being modulated by the downstream traffic and the second one corresponds to a continuous wavelength which will be used to modulate upstream traffic coming from the radio-cell. Since the RoF transmitter is the main source of signal distortion, we need to be aware of all noises and quality of transmission impairments that impact the RF signal.

Similarly, some of the dropped optical signal passes through the gratings and continues together with the added optical signal. Still, one of the main challenges. Using service QoS attributes detailed in [], we consider in the following four traffic types, namely: SOA Saturation optical power as function of the optical wavelength.

The signal is quantified by the modulation depth m and a photocurrent I o. The CP exploits such a mutualization of radio and optical equipment at the HOLT, to allocate dynamically Optical Channels OCs and RFs according to the traffic fluctuation within each radio cell or more globally among districts.


The different aforementioned RF front-end impairment compensation techniques require either a processing at the level of the individual connection radio packet scale or playing with the radio specifications of the cellular system like those based on power controlwhich make them definitely out-of-scope of the GeRoFAN-CP.


However, the requirement of hight stability mounting for FSO and the susceptibility to obstructions and fog attenuation make them less attractive for large-scale mobile backhaul deployment []. After each session reg; strat, static memory 4 of each acquisition device contains several tens of Mbits. Wireless digital seismic feldaufzeichnungsgeraet with facilities for the processing of seismic signals locally. To get the dark noise over the signal bandwidth, the noise current density is simply multiplied by the electrical bandwidth of the RF signal.

The capacity loss is converted into bandwidth B, called equivalent bandwidth loss, which can be interpreted as the amount of “misused” bandwidth [].

Mix 1 corresponds to a typical service composition when gaisceau voice traffic is dominant, Mix 2 may describe the recent past trend in traffic distribution the overall traffic is equally splitted between voice and data. More algorithmic oriented, the third part of the thesis considers successively a static Chapter 4 and a dynamic traffic context Chapter 5. At this stage, the main originality of our study consists in providing a deep knowledge of all physical layer impairments involved in the GeRoFAN network.

The transmission to the central laboratory of the collected data can be performed xe real time and simultaneously for all the acquisition devices. By varying the bias current according to the RF sub-carrier, the gain of the SOA is modulated itself, thus modulating the optical carrier at its output. Remote light generation enables significant cost savings, flexible management and simplification of the RAU architecture.

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At multi-hours scale basis for instance, the CP shifts OCs from the housing area to the business area during usual working office hours time. Sync-E operates at Layer 1 of the communication cous and thus runs independently from upper layer transmission protocols.

I designates the modulation penalty MPwhile the second category Cat. Unlike electro-optic modulators, EAMs work at smaller bias voltage. However, with IF-over-Fiber, the complexity of the BS architecture is increased requiring at least a Local Faisxeau LO and a mixer to perform signal frequency translation.