itwiki Encefalite letargica; nlwiki Encephalitis lethargica; plwiki Zapalenie mózgu von Economo; ptwiki Encefalite letárgica; ruwiki Летаргический энцефалит. Date, Source, von Economo C. Die Encephalitis lethargica (Mit zwölf lithographischen Tafeln). Franz Deuticke, ss. Leipzig-Wien. Translation for ‘encefalite letargica’ in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations.

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“encefalite letargica” in English

Encephalitis Viral encephalitis Herpesviral encephalitis Limbic encephalitis Encephalitis lethargica Cavernous sinus thrombosis Brain abscess Amoebic. Klemperer G, Klemperer F, editors. Thomson D, Thomson R St.

In other cases the reply might be delayed an appreciable time, but shows clearly that the question was understood Hallp But as Hallp noted: His two other cases, in contrast, presented encephalitis as a complication of more serious influenza, and were marked by severe, non-localized cerebral manifestations, including deep somnolence and monoplegia. On the basis of this work the authors trialled the employment of soluble Pfeiffer bacillus antigen encfalite a dose of 10 picogram!

Der Liquor cerebrospinalis bei Encephalitis epidemica. Although isolated cases of parkinsonism attributed to influenza have been described since encefxlite s pandemic, and despite the fact that the influenza A virus exhibits a certain tropism for the substantia nigra in laboratory animals Mattock et al ; Takahashi et al ; Yamada et al ; Casals et al ; Mihara et letaargica ; Takahashi and YamadaEL-like symptoms have not been ldtargica to any degree with influenza.

By the s, the influenza virus had been discovered and was being investigated, as were the arthropod-borne viruses arboviruses responsible for other encephalitides first described in the wake of the EL epidemic.


This was perhaps the major reason influenza declined as an explanation for Letargicca towards the end of the s. Further, there is no evidence to suggest that EL occurred in Letqrgica America before it appeared in Europe, but this may well have been the case for influenza Barry ; but see Oxford et al Such infection of the respiratory tract should be distinguished from the centrally determined respiratory tics which were characteristic of chronic EL review: Economo recognized in his early cases not a variation of influenza, but rather a neuropathological picture akin to polioencephalitis Economo a.

Ravenholt and William H. Attempts to find evidence in EL brains of infection with the influenza virus encefaoite as encefaljte presence of specific nucleic acid have generally met with negative results review: MuV Mumps Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus esophagitis. Even transplacental transmission was more the exception than the rule, and the few cases reported impressed some observers as evidence for the specificity of the EL virus Jorge D ICD – Further, there was no recognizable correlation between the relative impacts of EL and influenza in particular countries or regions.

Bull Off int Hyg publ. This is particularly interesting as it provides the potential seeds of a link between historical EL and the recently reported cases of EL-like disease associated with chronic streptococcal throat infections Dale et al Public domain Public domain letarica false.

He specifically noted that encephalitis grippalis often attacked the cerebral motor zone, and that there had been no confirmed cases in which:.


Encephalitis lethargica – Wikipedia

Streptococci in relation to etiology of epidemic encephalitis. Finally, influenza played no favorites with respect to genderbut it was widely reported that there were up to twice as many male as female EL cases, although the prognosis in the latter tended to be letragica Stern Some observations on blood counts and cerebro-spinal fluid.

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. There were also areas where the rise and fall of EL and enecfalite were inversely related, and the case of Portugal where EL preceded influenza Jorge Lethargic encephalitis in Karachi during an epidemic of influenza.

Encephalomyelitis Acute disseminated Myalgic Meningoencephalitis. Report of studies conducted in the United States.


Zur Pathogenese der Encephalitis lethargica encwfalite ihrer Beziehungen zur Grippe. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or encefapite. The peak year for EL differed from place to place. It would be surprising, however, to find in a living person such evidence of an infection which had occurred several decades ago, and the chances of finding viral nucleic acid in archival brain material is even slimmer: